The impact of information and communication technology (ICT), education and regulation on economic freedom in Islamic Middle Eastern countries

Farid Shirazi, Roya Gholami, Dolores Añón Higón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Our study investigated the impact of ICT expansion on economic freedom in the Middle East (Bahrain, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen). Our empirical analysis used archival data from 1995 to 2005; it showed that ICT expansion in the Middle East has been effective both in bridging the digital divide and also in promoting economic freedom in a region that was vulnerable to political, social, and global conflict. However, differences between countries, such as the educational attainment of their citizens and institutional resistance to technology acceptance, both enhanced and restricted the relationship between ICT and economic freedom.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-433
Number of pages8
JournalInformation and Management
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • civil liberties
  • political rights
  • economic freedom
  • ICT
  • Middle East
  • digital divide
  • regulation
  • institutional resistance

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