The impact of psychological preparation for surgery on postoperative outcomes: a systematic review

R. Powell, J. Bruce, M. Johnston, Claus Vögele, N. Scott, M. Shehmar, T. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstractpeer-review


Background: Psychological preparation has been demonstrated to improve post-operative outcomes including pain and health care resource use. This systematic review (registered with the Cochrane Anaesthesia Review Group) will investigate which methods of preparation are effective and for which outcomes. Economic data will be reviewed where available. Methods: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of adults undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia are included. Papers are identified using electronic searches, reference lists and contact with authors of studies to identify unpublished research. Expected results: In a meta-analysis including 38 RCTs, Johnston and Vogele (1993) found psychological preparation to be effective in improving various postoperative outcomes. It is expected that this up-dated review will provide further evidence about which techniques are effective because more studies are now available. Current stage of work: Papers are being screened for inclusion. Discussion: Identifying effective pre-surgical interventions may result in improved patient outcomes and healthcare resource use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308
Number of pages1
JournalPsychology and Health
Issue numberSuppl.1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2012
Event26th Conference of the European Health Psychology Society: Resiliance and health - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 21 Aug 201225 Aug 2012


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