The nature and consequence of vitronectin interaction in the non-compromised contact lens wearing eye

Manpreet Cooner, Aisling Mann*, Brian Tighe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this work was to investigate the locus and extent of vitronectin (Vn) deposition on ex vivo contact lenses and to determine the influence of wear modality together with surface and bulk characteristics of the lens material. Methods: The quantity and location of Vn deposition on the surfaces of contact lens materials was investigated using a novel on-lens cell attachment assay technique. Results: Vn mapping showed that deposition resulted from lens-corneal interaction rather than solely from the tear film. Higher cell counts on the posterior surface of the lenses were determined in comparison to the anterior surface. Overall gross Vn deposition was greater for high water content-low modulus materials (117. ±. 4 average cell count per field) than low water content-high modulus materials (88. ±. 6 average cell count per field). Conclusions: The role of Vn in plasmin regulation and upregulation is widely recognised. The findings in this paper suggest that the locus of Vn on the contact lens surface, which is affected by material properties such as modulus, is potentially an important factor in the generation of plasmin in the posterior tear film. Consequently, the potential for materials to affect Vn deposition will influence lens-induced inflammatory processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-235
JournalContact Lens and Anterior Eye
Volume40
Issue number4
Early online date21 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

Fingerprint

Vitronectin
Contact Lenses
Lenses
Cell Count
Fibrinolysin
Tears
Water
Up-Regulation

Bibliographical note

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • deposition
  • fibroblast cells
  • post-lens tear film
  • tears

Cite this

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title = "The nature and consequence of vitronectin interaction in the non-compromised contact lens wearing eye",
abstract = "Purpose: The aim of this work was to investigate the locus and extent of vitronectin (Vn) deposition on ex vivo contact lenses and to determine the influence of wear modality together with surface and bulk characteristics of the lens material. Methods: The quantity and location of Vn deposition on the surfaces of contact lens materials was investigated using a novel on-lens cell attachment assay technique. Results: Vn mapping showed that deposition resulted from lens-corneal interaction rather than solely from the tear film. Higher cell counts on the posterior surface of the lenses were determined in comparison to the anterior surface. Overall gross Vn deposition was greater for high water content-low modulus materials (117. ±. 4 average cell count per field) than low water content-high modulus materials (88. ±. 6 average cell count per field). Conclusions: The role of Vn in plasmin regulation and upregulation is widely recognised. The findings in this paper suggest that the locus of Vn on the contact lens surface, which is affected by material properties such as modulus, is potentially an important factor in the generation of plasmin in the posterior tear film. Consequently, the potential for materials to affect Vn deposition will influence lens-induced inflammatory processes.",
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The nature and consequence of vitronectin interaction in the non-compromised contact lens wearing eye. / Cooner, Manpreet; Mann, Aisling; Tighe, Brian.

In: Contact Lens and Anterior Eye, Vol. 40, No. 4, 01.08.2017, p. 228-235.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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