The Nrf2-ARE activation protect neurones against oxidative stress

Irundika H.K. Dias, Opeyemi S. Ademowo, Eloise Newey, Helen R. Griffiths

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

Abstract

Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease. The transcription factor, Nrf2 (nuclear factor E2-related factor 2) that binds to the antioxidant responsive element (ARE) activates a battery of genes encoding enzymes and factors essential for neuronal survival. We have investigated the hypothesis that a downstream product of cyclooxygenase(COX-2), 15-deoxy-delta (12, 14)-prostagland in J2 (15d-PGJ2) has protective effects by activating the Nrf2 pathway during oxidative stress.Human neuroblastoma cells (SHSY5Y) were differentiated intoneuronal-like cells as described previously (Gimenez-Cassina et al.,2006). SHSY5Y cells were co-treated with 10 mM buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) 7 10 mM 15d-PGJ2. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay and cellular glutathione (GSH) levels were measured after treating cells for0.5-24 hours by GSH recycling assay. Cellular Nrf2 levels were determined by immunoblotting. IL-6 levels were measured by ELISA.15d-PGJ2 alone lowered GSH levels 30min after the treatment(12.870.64 nmol/mg protein) and returned to untreated control levels at 16hours (28.173.6 nmol/mg protein; Po0.01). Compared to intracellular GSH levels in untreated cells (27.871.8 nmol/mg protein) BSO treatment alone significantly decreased GSH (9.672.1 nmol/mg protein;Po0.001) but co-incubation with 15d-PGJ2 for 24 hours prevented the depletion elicited by BSO(21.372.7 nmol/mg protein). Compared to untreated cells BSO treatment decrease dIL-6 secretion (from 0.941.6ng/ml to 0.6971.3ng/ml) and total Nrf2 protein levels (by21%). Co-incubation with15d-PGJ2 for 24 hours with BSO did not change IL-6(0.6771.4ng/ml) or total Nrf2 level at any time point. This study suggests that neuronal toxicity resulting from glutathione depletion canbere stored by the induction of Nrf2-ARE pathway and the role of the Nrf2 signalling merits further investigation in neurodegenerative diseases.
LanguageEnglish
Article numberPP34
PagesS30-S31
Number of pages2
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume86
Issue numberSuppl.1
Early online date28 Aug 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015
EventSFRR-E/SNFS Meeting Stuttgart 2015 - University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
Duration: 1 Sep 2015 → …

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NF-E2-Related Factor 2
Oxidative stress
Buthionine Sulfoximine
Neurons
Oxidative Stress
Antioxidants
Chemical activation
Neurodegenerative diseases
Proteins
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Glutathione
Interleukin-6
Assays
Gene encoding
Level control
Recycling
Cyclooxygenase 2
Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
Neuroblastoma
Immunoblotting

Bibliographical note

SFRR-E/SNFS Conference Abstracts, Stuttgart 2015

Cite this

Dias, Irundika H.K. ; Ademowo, Opeyemi S. ; Newey, Eloise ; Griffiths, Helen R. / The Nrf2-ARE activation protect neurones against oxidative stress. In: Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 86, No. Suppl.1. pp. S30-S31.
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abstract = "Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease. The transcription factor, Nrf2 (nuclear factor E2-related factor 2) that binds to the antioxidant responsive element (ARE) activates a battery of genes encoding enzymes and factors essential for neuronal survival. We have investigated the hypothesis that a downstream product of cyclooxygenase(COX-2), 15-deoxy-delta (12, 14)-prostagland in J2 (15d-PGJ2) has protective effects by activating the Nrf2 pathway during oxidative stress.Human neuroblastoma cells (SHSY5Y) were differentiated intoneuronal-like cells as described previously (Gimenez-Cassina et al.,2006). SHSY5Y cells were co-treated with 10 mM buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) 7 10 mM 15d-PGJ2. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay and cellular glutathione (GSH) levels were measured after treating cells for0.5-24 hours by GSH recycling assay. Cellular Nrf2 levels were determined by immunoblotting. IL-6 levels were measured by ELISA.15d-PGJ2 alone lowered GSH levels 30min after the treatment(12.870.64 nmol/mg protein) and returned to untreated control levels at 16hours (28.173.6 nmol/mg protein; Po0.01). Compared to intracellular GSH levels in untreated cells (27.871.8 nmol/mg protein) BSO treatment alone significantly decreased GSH (9.672.1 nmol/mg protein;Po0.001) but co-incubation with 15d-PGJ2 for 24 hours prevented the depletion elicited by BSO(21.372.7 nmol/mg protein). Compared to untreated cells BSO treatment decrease dIL-6 secretion (from 0.941.6ng/ml to 0.6971.3ng/ml) and total Nrf2 protein levels (by21{\%}). Co-incubation with15d-PGJ2 for 24 hours with BSO did not change IL-6(0.6771.4ng/ml) or total Nrf2 level at any time point. This study suggests that neuronal toxicity resulting from glutathione depletion canbere stored by the induction of Nrf2-ARE pathway and the role of the Nrf2 signalling merits further investigation in neurodegenerative diseases.",
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The Nrf2-ARE activation protect neurones against oxidative stress. / Dias, Irundika H.K.; Ademowo, Opeyemi S.; Newey, Eloise; Griffiths, Helen R.

In: Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Vol. 86, No. Suppl.1, PP34, 09.2015, p. S30-S31.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Nrf2-ARE activation protect neurones against oxidative stress

AU - Dias, Irundika H.K.

AU - Ademowo, Opeyemi S.

AU - Newey, Eloise

AU - Griffiths, Helen R.

N1 - SFRR-E/SNFS Conference Abstracts, Stuttgart 2015

PY - 2015/9

Y1 - 2015/9

N2 - Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease. The transcription factor, Nrf2 (nuclear factor E2-related factor 2) that binds to the antioxidant responsive element (ARE) activates a battery of genes encoding enzymes and factors essential for neuronal survival. We have investigated the hypothesis that a downstream product of cyclooxygenase(COX-2), 15-deoxy-delta (12, 14)-prostagland in J2 (15d-PGJ2) has protective effects by activating the Nrf2 pathway during oxidative stress.Human neuroblastoma cells (SHSY5Y) were differentiated intoneuronal-like cells as described previously (Gimenez-Cassina et al.,2006). SHSY5Y cells were co-treated with 10 mM buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) 7 10 mM 15d-PGJ2. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay and cellular glutathione (GSH) levels were measured after treating cells for0.5-24 hours by GSH recycling assay. Cellular Nrf2 levels were determined by immunoblotting. IL-6 levels were measured by ELISA.15d-PGJ2 alone lowered GSH levels 30min after the treatment(12.870.64 nmol/mg protein) and returned to untreated control levels at 16hours (28.173.6 nmol/mg protein; Po0.01). Compared to intracellular GSH levels in untreated cells (27.871.8 nmol/mg protein) BSO treatment alone significantly decreased GSH (9.672.1 nmol/mg protein;Po0.001) but co-incubation with 15d-PGJ2 for 24 hours prevented the depletion elicited by BSO(21.372.7 nmol/mg protein). Compared to untreated cells BSO treatment decrease dIL-6 secretion (from 0.941.6ng/ml to 0.6971.3ng/ml) and total Nrf2 protein levels (by21%). Co-incubation with15d-PGJ2 for 24 hours with BSO did not change IL-6(0.6771.4ng/ml) or total Nrf2 level at any time point. This study suggests that neuronal toxicity resulting from glutathione depletion canbere stored by the induction of Nrf2-ARE pathway and the role of the Nrf2 signalling merits further investigation in neurodegenerative diseases.

AB - Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease. The transcription factor, Nrf2 (nuclear factor E2-related factor 2) that binds to the antioxidant responsive element (ARE) activates a battery of genes encoding enzymes and factors essential for neuronal survival. We have investigated the hypothesis that a downstream product of cyclooxygenase(COX-2), 15-deoxy-delta (12, 14)-prostagland in J2 (15d-PGJ2) has protective effects by activating the Nrf2 pathway during oxidative stress.Human neuroblastoma cells (SHSY5Y) were differentiated intoneuronal-like cells as described previously (Gimenez-Cassina et al.,2006). SHSY5Y cells were co-treated with 10 mM buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) 7 10 mM 15d-PGJ2. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay and cellular glutathione (GSH) levels were measured after treating cells for0.5-24 hours by GSH recycling assay. Cellular Nrf2 levels were determined by immunoblotting. IL-6 levels were measured by ELISA.15d-PGJ2 alone lowered GSH levels 30min after the treatment(12.870.64 nmol/mg protein) and returned to untreated control levels at 16hours (28.173.6 nmol/mg protein; Po0.01). Compared to intracellular GSH levels in untreated cells (27.871.8 nmol/mg protein) BSO treatment alone significantly decreased GSH (9.672.1 nmol/mg protein;Po0.001) but co-incubation with 15d-PGJ2 for 24 hours prevented the depletion elicited by BSO(21.372.7 nmol/mg protein). Compared to untreated cells BSO treatment decrease dIL-6 secretion (from 0.941.6ng/ml to 0.6971.3ng/ml) and total Nrf2 protein levels (by21%). Co-incubation with15d-PGJ2 for 24 hours with BSO did not change IL-6(0.6771.4ng/ml) or total Nrf2 level at any time point. This study suggests that neuronal toxicity resulting from glutathione depletion canbere stored by the induction of Nrf2-ARE pathway and the role of the Nrf2 signalling merits further investigation in neurodegenerative diseases.

U2 - 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.07.109

DO - 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.07.109

M3 - Meeting abstract

VL - 86

SP - S30-S31

JO - Free Radical Biology and Medicine

T2 - Free Radical Biology and Medicine

JF - Free Radical Biology and Medicine

SN - 0891-5849

IS - Suppl.1

M1 - PP34

ER -