1. Potency orders were determined for a series of agonists and antagonists on the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor of rat L6 myocytes. The agents tested were all shown to have been active against CGRP, amylin or adrenomedullin receptors. 2. AC187 had a PIC50 Of 6.8 ± 0.10, making it 14 fold less potent as an antagonist than CGRP8-37 (PIC50, 7.95 ± 0.14). Amyline8-37 was equipotent to AC187 (PIC50, 6.6 ± 0.16) and CGRP19-37 was a fold less potent than either (pIC50 6.1 ± 0.24). 3. [Ala11]-CGRP8-37 was 6 fold less potent than CGRP8-37, (pIC50 7.13 ± 0.14), whereas [Ala18] CGRP8-37 was approximately equipotent to CGRP8-37 (pIC50, 7.52 ± 0.15). However, [Ala11,Ala18]- CGRP8-37 was over 300 fold less potent than CGRP8-37 (pIC50, 5.30 ± 0.04). 4. [Tyr0]-CGRP28-37, amylin19-37 and adrenomedullin22-52 were inactive as antagonists at concentrations of up to 1 μM. 5. Biotinyl-human α-CGRP was 150 fold less potent than human α-CGRP itself (EC50 values of 48 ± 17 nM and 0.31 ± 0.13 nM, respectively). At 1 μM, [Cys(acetomethoxy)(2'7)]-CGRP was inactive as an agonist. 6. These results confirm a role for Arg11 in maintaining the high affinity binding of CGRP8-37. Arg18 is of less direct significance for high affinity binding, but it may be important in maintaining the amphipathic nature of CGRP and its analogues.
- amylin antagonists
- calcitonin-gene related peptide
- CGRP antagonists
- CGRP receptors