The spectral sensitivity of long period gratings fabricated in elliptical core D-shaped optical fiber

Thomas D.P. Allsop, Timothy Earthgrowl, Helen Dobb, Vladimir Mezentsev, Andrew Gillooly, David J. Webb, Ian Bennion

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Long period gratings (LPGs) were written into a D-shaped optical fibre, which has an elliptical core with a W-shaped refractive index profile. The LPG's attenuation bands were found to be sensitive to the polarisation of the interrogating light with a spectral separation of about 15nm between the two orthogonal polarisation states. In addition, two spectrally overlapping attenuation bands corresponding to orthogonal polarisation states were observed; modelling successfully reproduced this spectral feature. The spectral sensitivity of both orthogonal states was experimentally measured with respect to temperature, surrounding refractive index, and directional bending. These LPG devices produced blue and red wavelength shifts of the stop-bands due to bending in different directions. The measured spectral sensitivities to curvatures, d?/dR , ranged from -3.56nm m to +6.51nm m. The results obtained with these LPGs suggest that this type of fibre may be useful as a shape/bend sensor. It was also demonstrated that the neighbouring bands could be used to discriminate between temperature and bending and that overlapping orthogonal polarisation attenuation bands can be used to minimise error associated with polarisation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFiber optic sensor technology and applications III
EditorsMichael A. Marcus, Brian Culshaw, John P. Dakin
Place of PublicationPhiladelphia, PA (US)
PublisherSPIE
Pages266-277
Number of pages12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
EventConference on Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications III - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: 26 Nov 200428 Nov 2004

Publication series

NameSPIE proceedings
PublisherSPIE
Volume5589
ISSN (Electronic)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceConference on Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications III
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia
Period26/11/0428/11/04

Fingerprint

spectral sensitivity
Optical fibers
optical fibers
gratings
Polarization
polarization
attenuation
Refractive index
refractivity
Liquefied petroleum gas
curvature
Wavelength
Temperature
fibers
temperature
Fibers
shift
sensors
Sensors
profiles

Bibliographical note

Thomas D. Allsop ; T. Earthrowl ; H. Dobb ; V. Mezentsev ; A. Gillooly ; D.J. Webb and I. Bennion "The spectral sensitivity of long-period gratings fabricated in elliptical core D-shaped optical fiber", Proc. SPIE 5589, Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications III, 266 (December 14, 2004);

Copyright 2004 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.569312

Keywords

  • long-period fibre gratings
  • temperature measurement
  • curvature measurement
  • d-shaped optical fibre

Cite this

Allsop, T. D. P., Earthgrowl, T., Dobb, H., Mezentsev, V., Gillooly, A., Webb, D. J., & Bennion, I. (2004). The spectral sensitivity of long period gratings fabricated in elliptical core D-shaped optical fiber. In M. A. Marcus, B. Culshaw, & J. P. Dakin (Eds.), Fiber optic sensor technology and applications III (pp. 266-277). (SPIE proceedings; Vol. 5589). Philadelphia, PA (US): SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.569312
Allsop, Thomas D.P. ; Earthgrowl, Timothy ; Dobb, Helen ; Mezentsev, Vladimir ; Gillooly, Andrew ; Webb, David J. ; Bennion, Ian. / The spectral sensitivity of long period gratings fabricated in elliptical core D-shaped optical fiber. Fiber optic sensor technology and applications III. editor / Michael A. Marcus ; Brian Culshaw ; John P. Dakin. Philadelphia, PA (US) : SPIE, 2004. pp. 266-277 (SPIE proceedings).
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abstract = "Long period gratings (LPGs) were written into a D-shaped optical fibre, which has an elliptical core with a W-shaped refractive index profile. The LPG's attenuation bands were found to be sensitive to the polarisation of the interrogating light with a spectral separation of about 15nm between the two orthogonal polarisation states. In addition, two spectrally overlapping attenuation bands corresponding to orthogonal polarisation states were observed; modelling successfully reproduced this spectral feature. The spectral sensitivity of both orthogonal states was experimentally measured with respect to temperature, surrounding refractive index, and directional bending. These LPG devices produced blue and red wavelength shifts of the stop-bands due to bending in different directions. The measured spectral sensitivities to curvatures, d?/dR , ranged from -3.56nm m to +6.51nm m. The results obtained with these LPGs suggest that this type of fibre may be useful as a shape/bend sensor. It was also demonstrated that the neighbouring bands could be used to discriminate between temperature and bending and that overlapping orthogonal polarisation attenuation bands can be used to minimise error associated with polarisation.",
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Allsop, TDP, Earthgrowl, T, Dobb, H, Mezentsev, V, Gillooly, A, Webb, DJ & Bennion, I 2004, The spectral sensitivity of long period gratings fabricated in elliptical core D-shaped optical fiber. in MA Marcus, B Culshaw & JP Dakin (eds), Fiber optic sensor technology and applications III. SPIE proceedings, vol. 5589, SPIE, Philadelphia, PA (US), pp. 266-277, Conference on Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications III, Philadelphia, United States, 26/11/04. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.569312

The spectral sensitivity of long period gratings fabricated in elliptical core D-shaped optical fiber. / Allsop, Thomas D.P.; Earthgrowl, Timothy; Dobb, Helen; Mezentsev, Vladimir; Gillooly, Andrew; Webb, David J.; Bennion, Ian.

Fiber optic sensor technology and applications III. ed. / Michael A. Marcus; Brian Culshaw; John P. Dakin. Philadelphia, PA (US) : SPIE, 2004. p. 266-277 (SPIE proceedings; Vol. 5589).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - Long period gratings (LPGs) were written into a D-shaped optical fibre, which has an elliptical core with a W-shaped refractive index profile. The LPG's attenuation bands were found to be sensitive to the polarisation of the interrogating light with a spectral separation of about 15nm between the two orthogonal polarisation states. In addition, two spectrally overlapping attenuation bands corresponding to orthogonal polarisation states were observed; modelling successfully reproduced this spectral feature. The spectral sensitivity of both orthogonal states was experimentally measured with respect to temperature, surrounding refractive index, and directional bending. These LPG devices produced blue and red wavelength shifts of the stop-bands due to bending in different directions. The measured spectral sensitivities to curvatures, d?/dR , ranged from -3.56nm m to +6.51nm m. The results obtained with these LPGs suggest that this type of fibre may be useful as a shape/bend sensor. It was also demonstrated that the neighbouring bands could be used to discriminate between temperature and bending and that overlapping orthogonal polarisation attenuation bands can be used to minimise error associated with polarisation.

AB - Long period gratings (LPGs) were written into a D-shaped optical fibre, which has an elliptical core with a W-shaped refractive index profile. The LPG's attenuation bands were found to be sensitive to the polarisation of the interrogating light with a spectral separation of about 15nm between the two orthogonal polarisation states. In addition, two spectrally overlapping attenuation bands corresponding to orthogonal polarisation states were observed; modelling successfully reproduced this spectral feature. The spectral sensitivity of both orthogonal states was experimentally measured with respect to temperature, surrounding refractive index, and directional bending. These LPG devices produced blue and red wavelength shifts of the stop-bands due to bending in different directions. The measured spectral sensitivities to curvatures, d?/dR , ranged from -3.56nm m to +6.51nm m. The results obtained with these LPGs suggest that this type of fibre may be useful as a shape/bend sensor. It was also demonstrated that the neighbouring bands could be used to discriminate between temperature and bending and that overlapping orthogonal polarisation attenuation bands can be used to minimise error associated with polarisation.

KW - long-period fibre gratings

KW - temperature measurement

KW - curvature measurement

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Allsop TDP, Earthgrowl T, Dobb H, Mezentsev V, Gillooly A, Webb DJ et al. The spectral sensitivity of long period gratings fabricated in elliptical core D-shaped optical fiber. In Marcus MA, Culshaw B, Dakin JP, editors, Fiber optic sensor technology and applications III. Philadelphia, PA (US): SPIE. 2004. p. 266-277. (SPIE proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.569312