Multi-functional laser non-invasive diagnostic systems, such as "LAKK-M", allow the study of a number of microcirculatory parameters, including blood microcirculatory index (Im) (by laser Doppler flowmetry, LDF) and oxygen saturation (StO2) of skin tissue (by tissue reflectance oximetry, TRO). Such systems may provide significant information relevant to physiology and clinical medicine. The aim of this research was to use such a system to study the synchronization of microvascular blood flow and oxygen saturation rhythms under normal and adaptive change conditions. Studies were conducted with 8 healthy volunteers - 3 females and 5 males of 21-49 years. Each volunteer was subjected to basic 3 minute tests. The volunteers were observed for between 1-4 months each, totalling 422 basic tests. Measurements were performed on the palmar surface of the right middle finger and the forearm medial surface. Wavelet analysis was used to study rhythmic oscillations in LDF- and TRO-data. Tissue oxygen consumption (from arterial and venal blood oxygen saturation and nutritive flux volume) was calculated for all volunteers during "adaptive changes" as (617±123 AU) and (102±38 AU) with and without arteriovenous anastomoses (AVAs) respectively. This demonstrates increased consumption compared to normal (495±170 AU) and (69±40 AU) with and without AVAs respectively. Data analysis demonstrated the emergence of resonance and synchronization of rhythms of microvascular blood flow and oxygen saturation as an adaptive change in myogenic oscillation (vasomotion) resulting from exercise and potentially from psychoemotional stress. Synchronization of myogenic rhythms during adaptive changes suggest increased oxygen consumption resulting from increased microvascular blood flow velocity.
|Title of host publication||Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic and Surgical Guidance Systems XII|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2014|
|Event||Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic and Surgical Guidance Systems XII - San Francisco, CA, United States|
Duration: 2 Feb 2014 → 4 Feb 2014
|Conference||Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic and Surgical Guidance Systems XII|
|City||San Francisco, CA|
|Period||2/02/14 → 4/02/14|
Bibliographical note© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).
- Adaptive changes
- Laser Doppler flowmetry
- Oxygen consumption
- Tissue reflectance oximetry