In highly dynamic environments, systems are expected to make decisions on the fly based on their observations that are bound to be partial. As such, the reasons for its runtime behaviour may be difficult to understand. In these cases, accountability is crucial, and decisions by the system need to be traceable. Logging is essential to support explanations of behaviour, but it poses challenges. Concerns about analysing massive logs have motivated the introduction of structured logging, however, knowing what to log and which details to include is still a challenge. Structured logs still do not necessarily relate events to each other, or indicate time intervals. We argue that logging changes to a runtime model in a provenance graph can mitigate some of these problems. The runtime model keeps only relevant details, therefore reducing the volume of the logs, while the provenance graph records causal connections between the changes and the activities performed by the agents in the system that have introduced them. In this paper, we demonstrate a first version towards a reusable infrastructure for the automated construction of such a provenance graph. We apply it to a multithreaded traffic simulation case study, with multiple concurrent agents managing different parts of the simulation. We show how the provenance graphs can support validating the system behaviour, and how a seeded fault is reflected in the provenance graphs.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 12th System Analysis and Modelling Conference, SAM 2020|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 19 Oct 2020|
|Name||Proceedings of the 12th System Analysis and Modelling Conference, SAM 2020|
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SAM ’20, October 19–20, 2020, Virtual Event, Canada
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- Runtime models