Towards the Essence of Specifying Sociotechnical Digital Twins

Balbir S. Barn, Tony Clark, Souvik Barat, Vinay Kulkarni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputConference publication


Digital Twins are now mainstream technology in the engineering domain. Capabilities and underpinning concepts are well understood and augmented by proven theories from the physical sciences. Nonetheless the design of digital twins in engineering still remains essential a craft. As digital twin technology merges with more traditional computational modelling approaches such as that found in simulation, new application domains are emerging and public policy experts see significant potential in DT for understanding their complex system areas. Such domains have a significant sociotechnical component and as such a new type of digital twin is required, together with a means of specifying such a digital twin. This paper proposes a specification language/method for this purpose. Requirements elicitation for this language utilises a tabletop paper template that serves as a boundary object between domain experts and technical experts. The language is conformant with accepted practice in simulation methods and its semantics provides a route to implementation of a digital twin. We argue that the language is a contribution to a breadcrumb trail for future work in this emerging application area for digital twins.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationiSOFT ISEC 2023 - Proceedings of the 16th Innovations in Software Engineering Conference (Formerly known as India Software Engineering Conference)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 16th Innovations in Software Engineering Conference
EditorsSonali Agarwal, Abhik Roychoudhury, Rahul Purandare
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9798400700644
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2023
EventISEC 2023: 16th Innovations in Software Engineering Conference - IIIT Allahabad, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India
Duration: 23 Feb 202225 Feb 2023

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series


ConferenceISEC 2023: 16th Innovations in Software Engineering Conference
Abbreviated titleISEC
CityPrayagraj, Uttar Pradesh
Internet address


  • digital twin
  • language engineering
  • simulation
  • sociotechnical


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