Transparent Dielectric Metasurfaces for Spatial Mode Multiplexing

Sergey Kruk*, Filipe Ferreira, Naoise Mac Suibhne, Christos Tsekrekos, Ivan Kravchenko, Andrew Ellis, Dragomir Neshev, Sergey Turitsyn, Yuri Kivshar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter, comment/opinion or interviewpeer-review


Expanding the use of physical degrees of freedom to employ spatial multiplexing of data in optical communication is considered to be the most disruptive and effective solution for meeting the capacity demand of the growing information traffic. Development of space division–multiplexing methods stimulated research on spatial encoding, detection, and processing of data, attracting interest from various fields of science. Here a passive all-dielectric metasurface with near-unity transmission is demonstrated that engineers spatial mode profiles, potentially of an arbitrary complexity. The broadband response of the metasurface covers all S, C, and L bands of fiber communications. Unlike conventional phase plates, the metasurface allows for both phase and polarization conversion, providing full flexibility for the mode engineering. The dielectric metasurface is employed for mode multiplexing in a free-space optical communication system with an extinction ratio in excess of 20 dB over the whole C-band with negligible penalty even for 100 Gb s−1 data transmission. These results merge two seemingly different fields, optical communication and metamaterials, and they suggest a novel approach for an ultimate miniaturization of mode multiplexers and advanced LiFi technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800031
JournalLaser and Photonics Reviews
Issue number8
Early online date21 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: S. Kruk, F. Ferreira, N. Mac Suibhne, C. Tsekrekos, I. Kravchenko, A. Ellis, D. Neshev, S. Turitsyn, Y. Kivshar, Laser & Photonics Reviews 2018, 12, 1800031, which has been published in final form at  This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

Funding: EC 7th Framework Program. Grant Numbers: 627545, 659950, 654809;
Australian Research Council; U.S. Department of Energy; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Grant Number: EP/L000091/1


  • metasurfaces
  • nanophotonics
  • optical communications
  • space division multiplexing


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