Treatment of type 2 diabetes: future approaches

Clifford J Bailey, Caroline Day

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Introduction or background
Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for ~90% of all diabetes, is a heterogeneous and progressive disease with a variety of causative and potentiating factors. The hyperglycaemia of type 2 diabetes is often inadequately controlled, hence the need for a wider selection of glucose-lowering treatments.
Sources of data
Medline, PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar.
Areas of agreement
Early, effective and sustained control of blood glucose defers the onset and reduces the severity of microvascular and neuropathic complications of type 2 diabetes and helps to reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) complications.
Areas of controversy
Newer glucose-lowering agents require extensive long-term studies to confirm CV safety. The positioning of newer agents within therapeutic algorithms varies.
Growing points
In addition to their glucose-lowering efficacy, some new glucose-lowering agents may act independently to reduce CV and renal complications.
Areas timely for developing research
Studies of potential new glucose-lowering agents offer the opportunity to safely improve glycaemic control with prolonged efficacy and greater opportunity for therapeutic individualisation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-137
JournalBritish Medical Bulletin
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2018


  • type 2 diabetes
  • glucose-lowering agents
  • glycaemic control


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