Usefulness of the Beck Depression Inventory as a screening method for depression among the general population of Finland

Roberto Nuevo, Ville Lehtinen, Patricia M. Reyna-Liberato, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The present paper studies the effectiveness of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) as a screening measure for depression in a general population sample from Finland.

METHODS: The study analysed the Finnish sample of the ODIN study, a multicentre epidemiology study of depression in Europe. From this general population sample, 311 subjects were selected according to their score on the BDI within a larger assessment that included a structured diagnostic interview. Of these, 31.2% were diagnosed with major depression.

RESULTS: A cut-off score of 17/18 simultaneously maximized both sensitivity and specificity in the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, with an Area Under the Curve (AUC) of 0.806. Similar results were found across gender, and the AUCs were not significantly different between men and women.

LIMITATIONS: The results cannot be directly generalized to institutionalized persons, people in clinical settings, or those with range of ages not included in the present study.

CONCLUSIONS: The Beck Depression Inventory is a valid instrument for the diagnosis of depression among the general population of Finland. As a screening measure, the optimal cut-off score would be 17 or higher.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalScandinavian journal of public health
Volume37
Issue number1
Early online date17 Nov 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009

Fingerprint

Finland
Equipment and Supplies
Area Under Curve
Population
Institutionalization
ROC Curve
Multicenter Studies
Epidemiology
Interviews
Sensitivity and Specificity

Keywords

  • depressive disorder
  • Finland
  • mass screening
  • personality tests
  • psychometrics
  • ROC curve
  • sensitivity and specificity

Cite this

Nuevo, R., Lehtinen, V., Reyna-Liberato, P. M., & Ayuso-Mateos, J. L. (2009). Usefulness of the Beck Depression Inventory as a screening method for depression among the general population of Finland. Scandinavian journal of public health, 37(1), 28-34. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494808097169
Nuevo, Roberto ; Lehtinen, Ville ; Reyna-Liberato, Patricia M. ; Ayuso-Mateos, José Luis. / Usefulness of the Beck Depression Inventory as a screening method for depression among the general population of Finland. In: Scandinavian journal of public health. 2009 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 28-34.
@article{a7e0efc087664340b8b1b942f0b10b5a,
title = "Usefulness of the Beck Depression Inventory as a screening method for depression among the general population of Finland",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The present paper studies the effectiveness of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) as a screening measure for depression in a general population sample from Finland.METHODS: The study analysed the Finnish sample of the ODIN study, a multicentre epidemiology study of depression in Europe. From this general population sample, 311 subjects were selected according to their score on the BDI within a larger assessment that included a structured diagnostic interview. Of these, 31.2{\%} were diagnosed with major depression.RESULTS: A cut-off score of 17/18 simultaneously maximized both sensitivity and specificity in the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, with an Area Under the Curve (AUC) of 0.806. Similar results were found across gender, and the AUCs were not significantly different between men and women.LIMITATIONS: The results cannot be directly generalized to institutionalized persons, people in clinical settings, or those with range of ages not included in the present study.CONCLUSIONS: The Beck Depression Inventory is a valid instrument for the diagnosis of depression among the general population of Finland. As a screening measure, the optimal cut-off score would be 17 or higher.",
keywords = "depressive disorder, Finland, mass screening, personality tests, psychometrics, ROC curve, sensitivity and specificity",
author = "Roberto Nuevo and Ville Lehtinen and Reyna-Liberato, {Patricia M.} and Ayuso-Mateos, {Jos{\'e} Luis}",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1403494808097169",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "28--34",
number = "1",

}

Nuevo, R, Lehtinen, V, Reyna-Liberato, PM & Ayuso-Mateos, JL 2009, 'Usefulness of the Beck Depression Inventory as a screening method for depression among the general population of Finland', Scandinavian journal of public health, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 28-34. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494808097169

Usefulness of the Beck Depression Inventory as a screening method for depression among the general population of Finland. / Nuevo, Roberto; Lehtinen, Ville; Reyna-Liberato, Patricia M.; Ayuso-Mateos, José Luis.

In: Scandinavian journal of public health, Vol. 37, No. 1, 01.2009, p. 28-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Usefulness of the Beck Depression Inventory as a screening method for depression among the general population of Finland

AU - Nuevo, Roberto

AU - Lehtinen, Ville

AU - Reyna-Liberato, Patricia M.

AU - Ayuso-Mateos, José Luis

PY - 2009/1

Y1 - 2009/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: The present paper studies the effectiveness of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) as a screening measure for depression in a general population sample from Finland.METHODS: The study analysed the Finnish sample of the ODIN study, a multicentre epidemiology study of depression in Europe. From this general population sample, 311 subjects were selected according to their score on the BDI within a larger assessment that included a structured diagnostic interview. Of these, 31.2% were diagnosed with major depression.RESULTS: A cut-off score of 17/18 simultaneously maximized both sensitivity and specificity in the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, with an Area Under the Curve (AUC) of 0.806. Similar results were found across gender, and the AUCs were not significantly different between men and women.LIMITATIONS: The results cannot be directly generalized to institutionalized persons, people in clinical settings, or those with range of ages not included in the present study.CONCLUSIONS: The Beck Depression Inventory is a valid instrument for the diagnosis of depression among the general population of Finland. As a screening measure, the optimal cut-off score would be 17 or higher.

AB - BACKGROUND: The present paper studies the effectiveness of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) as a screening measure for depression in a general population sample from Finland.METHODS: The study analysed the Finnish sample of the ODIN study, a multicentre epidemiology study of depression in Europe. From this general population sample, 311 subjects were selected according to their score on the BDI within a larger assessment that included a structured diagnostic interview. Of these, 31.2% were diagnosed with major depression.RESULTS: A cut-off score of 17/18 simultaneously maximized both sensitivity and specificity in the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, with an Area Under the Curve (AUC) of 0.806. Similar results were found across gender, and the AUCs were not significantly different between men and women.LIMITATIONS: The results cannot be directly generalized to institutionalized persons, people in clinical settings, or those with range of ages not included in the present study.CONCLUSIONS: The Beck Depression Inventory is a valid instrument for the diagnosis of depression among the general population of Finland. As a screening measure, the optimal cut-off score would be 17 or higher.

KW - depressive disorder

KW - Finland

KW - mass screening

KW - personality tests

KW - psychometrics

KW - ROC curve

KW - sensitivity and specificity

UR - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1403494808097169

U2 - 10.1177/1403494808097169

DO - 10.1177/1403494808097169

M3 - Article

C2 - 19141552

VL - 37

SP - 28

EP - 34

IS - 1

ER -

Nuevo R, Lehtinen V, Reyna-Liberato PM, Ayuso-Mateos JL. Usefulness of the Beck Depression Inventory as a screening method for depression among the general population of Finland. Scandinavian journal of public health. 2009 Jan;37(1):28-34. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494808097169