Using the framework method for the analysis of qualitative data in multi-disciplinary health research

Nicola K. Gale*, Gemma Heath, Elaine Cameron, Sabina Rashid, Sabi Redwood

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The Framework Method is becoming an increasingly popular approach to the management and analysis of qualitative data in health research. However, there is confusion about its potential application and limitations. Discussion. The article discusses when it is appropriate to adopt the Framework Method and explains the procedure for using it in multi-disciplinary health research teams, or those that involve clinicians, patients and lay people. The stages of the method are illustrated using examples from a published study. Summary. Used effectively, with the leadership of an experienced qualitative researcher, the Framework Method is a systematic and flexible approach to analysing qualitative data and is appropriate for use in research teams even where not all members have previous experience of conducting qualitative research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Medical Research Methodology
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2013

Bibliographical note

© 2013 Gale et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


  • multi-disciplinary research
  • qualitative content analysis
  • qualitative research


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