Utilizing the scavenge air cooling in improving the performance of marine diesel engine waste heat recovery systems

Mohamed T. Mito, Mohamed A. Teamah, Wael M. El-Maghlany*, Ali I. Shehata

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper aims at improving power generation efficiency of marine diesel engine waste heat recovery systems. It presents a novel technique of integrating the heat rejected in the scavenge air cooling process and the exhaust gas in operating a single and dual pressure steam power generation cycles. Moreover, a thermodynamic analysis of proposed systems was performed to identify the optimum operating parameters for achieving an overall efficiency improvement. The analysis considered the exergy destruction in each component and the energy/exergy efficiencies. A performance analysis was conducted to assess applicability and power output at off design conditions. An evaluation of achieved improvements by suggested designs was presented from both an economical and environmental standpoint. In conclusion, results show that, the recommended cycle increased overall efficiency improvement from 2.8% for the conventional system to 5.1%, with an additional power output of 1210 kW, representing 9.7% of the engine's power. Also, exergy efficiency increased significantly by 6.6% when using the presented system. Furthermore, the waste heat recovery system attained a reduction in fuel consumption of 1538 Ton/year, reducing carbon dioxide emission by 4790 Ton/year.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-276
Number of pages13
JournalEnergy
Volume142
Early online date21 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Emission reduction
  • Energy management
  • Marine diesel engine
  • Rankine cycle
  • Ship power plant
  • WHR

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