Variation in Miscanthus chemical composition and implications for conversion by pyrolysis and thermo-chemical bio-refining for fuels and chemicals

Edward Hodgson, Daniel Nowakowski, Ian Shield, Andrew Riche, Anthony Bridgwater, John Clifton-Brown, Iain S. Donnison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Different species and genotypes of Miscanthus were analysed to determine the influence of genotypic variation and harvest time on cell wall composition and the products which may be refined via pyrolysis. Wet chemical, thermo-gravimetric (TGA) and pyrolysis-gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (Py-GC–MS) methods were used to identify the main pyrolysis products and determine the extent to which genotypic differences in cell wall composition influence the range and yield of pyrolysis products. Significant genotypic variation in composition was identified between species and genotypes, and a clear relationship was observed between the biomass composition, yields of pyrolysis products, and the composition of the volatile fraction. Results indicated that genotypes other than the commercially cultivated Miscanthus x giganteus may have greater potential for use in bio-refining of fuels and chemicals and several genotypes were identified as excellent candidates for the generation of genetic mapping families and the breeding of new genotypes with improved conversion quality characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3411-3418
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • energy crop
  • miscanthus
  • cell wall
  • lignocellulosic
  • biorefinery

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