Visual signs and symptoms of Multiple System Atrophy

Richard A. Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare movement disorder and a member of a group of neurodegenerative diseases, which include Parkinson’s disease (PD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and referred to as the ‘parkinsonian syndromes’. Although primarily a neurological disorder, patients with MSA may also develop visual signs and symptoms that could be useful in differential diagnosis. In addition, the eye-care practitioner may contribute to the management of visual problems of MSA patients and therefore, help to improve quality of life. This second article in the series considers the visual signs and symptoms of MSA with special reference to those features most useful in differential diagnosis of the parkinsonian syndromes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
JournalOptometry Today
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2011


  • multiple system atrophy
  • movement disorder
  • neurodegenerative diseases
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • progressive supranuclear palsy
  • parkinsonian syndromes
  • neurological disorder
  • visual symptoms
  • diagnosis
  • quality of life


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