Volume strain sensor based on spectra analysis of in-fiber modal interferometer

Zhilin Xu*, Qizhen Sun, Jianghai Wo, Yi Dai, Xiaolei Li, Deming Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An optical in-fiber modal interferometer-based volume strain sensor for earthquake prediction is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The sensing element is formed by wrapping a multimode-singlemode-multimode fiber structure onto a polyurethane hollow column. Due to the modal interference between the excited guided modes in the fiber, strong interference pattern could be observed in the transmission spectrum. Theoretical analysis verifies that the resonant wavelength shifts as a result of the volume strain variation caused by the column deformation with square root relationship. Sensitivity > 3.93 pm/με within the volume strain ranging from 0 to 1300 με is also experimentally demonstrated. By taking the response of bidirectional change of volume strain and the sluggish character of the employed sensing material into consideration, the sensing system presents good repeatability and stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2139-2145
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number6
Early online date23 Apr 2013
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013


  • Modal interferometer
  • multimode-singlemode-multimode fiber structure
  • optical fiber sensor
  • volume strain sensing


Dive into the research topics of 'Volume strain sensor based on spectra analysis of in-fiber modal interferometer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this