The growing interest in the development of new wearable electronic devices for mobile healthcare provides great opportunities for the development of methods for assessing blood perfusion in this direction. Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) is one of the promising methods. A fine analysis of capillary blood ow structure and rhythm in the time and frequency domains, coupled with a new possibility of round-the-clock monitoring can provide valuable diagnostic information about the state of microvascular blood ow. In this study, wearable implementation of laser Doppler flowmetry was utilised for microcirculatory function assessment in patients with diabetes and healthy controls of two distinct age groups. Four wearable laser Doppler flowmetry monitors were used for the analysis of blood microcirculation. Thirty-seven healthy volunteers and 18 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus participated in the study. The results of the studies have shown that the average perfusion differs between healthy volunteers of distinct age groups and between healthy volunteers of the younger age group and patients with diabetes mellitus. It was noted that the average level of perfusion measured on the wrist in the two groups of healthy volunteers has no statistically significant differences found in similar measurements on the fingertips. The wearable implementation of LDF can become a truly new diagnostic interface to monitor cardiovascular parameters, which could be of interest for diagnostics of conditions associated with microvascular disorders.
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Funding: Russian Science Foundation (the research project 18-79-00237), grant of Academy of Finland No.318281
- Blood flow
- Diabetes mellitus
- Laser Doppler owmetry
- Wearable blood perfusion sensor