A spectroscope study of some semiquinone radical ions

  • Philip J. Barker

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


The effect of substituents on the value of the oxidation potential of quinones is reviewed and attempts to prepare substituted diphenoquinones with high oxidation potentials are reported.
Attempts to characterise the mechanism of addition and substitution in diphenoquinones by identifying the products of the Thiele acetylation of diphenoquinone are reported. The reaction proved most efficient when the incoming acetylinium ion is directed by substituents in the diphenoquinone. A 1,8-addition to diphenoquinone is reported and characterised by isolating the products of the reaction between acetyl chloride and diphenoquinone, with perchloric acid as catalyst.
The alternating linewidth effects observed in e.s.r.spectra are discussed and applied to account for such effects observed in the e.s.r.spectra of diphenosemiquinone anion and cation radicals. The spectra are analysed and the intramolecular processes producing these effects are discussed. A dianion
diradical where intramolecular rotation about the 1 - 1' bond is restricted is produced by the oxidation of 2,2' ,4,4' -tetra hydroxybiphenyl.
Previous studies of diphenosemiquinone anions are reviewed and alkylated diphenosemiquinone anion are produced by the reduction of the parent quinone with potassium hydroxide solution, the resulting radical being stabilised by the presence of pyridine. A qualitative interpretation of the solvent-ion effect in alkylated diphenosemiquinone anions is given.
Diphanosemiquinone cation radicals are reviewed and previous studies are re-examined.
Date of AwardOct 1977
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorD.A.F. Munday (Supervisor)


  • spectroscope study
  • semiquinone radical ions

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