An analysis of progressive addition spectacles lens design by the use of interferometry

  • Evangelos Pateras

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


Progressive addition spectacle lenses (PALs) have now become the method of choice for many presbyopic individuals to alleviate the visual problems of middle-age. Such lenses are difficult to assess and characterise because of their lack of discrete geographical locators of their key features.
A review of the literature (mostly patents) describing the different designs of these lenses indicates the range of approaches to solving the visual problem of presbyopia. However, very little is published about the comparative optical performance of these lenses.
A method is described here based on interferometry for the assessment of PALs, with a comparison of measurements made on an automatic focimeter. The relative merits of these techniques are discussed. Although the measurements are comparable, it is considered that the interferometry method is more readily automated, and would be ultimately capable of producing a more rapid result.
Date of AwardOct 2005
Original languageEnglish


  • progressive addition lenses
  • varifocal
  • optical quality
  • interferometry

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