Character recognition systems using Fourier transformation in incoherent light

  • Nöel W.F. Stephens

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


    Many attempts have been made to overcome problems involved in character recognition which have resulted in the manufacture of character reading machines.
    An investigation into a new approach to character recognition is described. Features for recognition are Fourier coefficients. These are generated optically by convolving characters with periodic gratings.
    The development of hardware to enable automatic measurement of contrast and position of periodic shadows produced by the convolution is described.
    Fourier coefficients of character sets were measured, many of which are tabulated. Their analysis revealed that a few low frequency sampling points could be selected to recognise sets of numerals. Limited treatment is given to show the effect of type face variations on the values of coefficients which culminated in the location of six sampling frequencies used as features to recognise numerals in two type fonts.
    Finally, the construction of two character recognition machines is compared and contrasted. The first is a pilot plant based on a test bed optical Fourier analyser, while the second is a more streamlined machine d(3signed for high speed reading. Reasons to indicate that the latter machine would be the most suitable to adapt for industrial and commercial applications are discussed.
    Date of AwardOct 1971
    Original languageEnglish


    • Fourier transformation, character recognition

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