Computer-aided-design of saturated magnetic lenses for electron microscopes

  • Anam S. Al-Nakeshli

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


    In the last few years, there has been considerable interest in using saturated magnetic objective lenses in high resolution electron microscopes. Such lenses, in present commercial electron microscopes, are energized either by conventional or superconducting coils. Very little work, however, has been reported on the use of conventional coils in saturated magnetic electron lenses. The present investigation has been concerned with the design of high flux density saturated objective lenses of both single and double polepiece types which may be energized by conventional coils and in some cases by superconducting coils. Such coils have the advantage of being small and capable of carrying high current densities. The present work has been carried out with the aid of several computer programs based on the finite element method. The effect of the shape and position of the energizing coil on the electron optical parameter has been investigated. Electron optical properties such as chromatic and spherical aberration have been studies in detail for saturated single and double polepiece lenses. Several high flux density coils of different shapes have been investigated. The choice of the most favourable coil shape and position subject to the operational requirements, has been studied in some detail. The focal properties of such optimised lenses have been computed and compared.
    Date of AwardFeb 1986
    Original languageEnglish
    SupervisorT. Mulvey (Supervisor)


    • Computer-aided-design
    • saturated magnetic lenses
    • electron microscopes

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