Decision-making algorithms in geometric modelling

  • Peter Cooley

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


Many of the applications of geometric modelling are concerned with the computation of well-defined properties of the model. The applications which have
received less attention are those which address questions to which there is no unique answer. This thesis describes such an application: the automatic
production of a dimensioned engineering drawing. One distinctive feature of this operation is the requirement for sophisticated decision-making algorithms at each stage in the processing of the geometric model. Hence, the thesis is focussed upon the design, development and implementation of such algorithms.
Various techniques for geometric modelling are briefly examined and then details are given of the modelling package that was developed for this project, The principles of orthographic projection and dimensioning are treated and some published work on the theory of dimensioning is examined. A new theoretical approach to dimensioning is presented and discussed.
The existing body of knowledge on decision-making is sampled and the author then shows how methods which were originally developed for management decisions may be adapted to serve the purposes of this project.
The remainder of the thesis is devoted to reports on the development of decision-making algorithms for orthographic view selection, sectioning and crosshatching, the preparation of orthographic views with essential hidden detail, and two approaches to the actual insertion of dimension lines and text.
The thesis concludes that the theories of decision-making can be applied to work of this kind. It may be possible to generate computer solutions that are closer to the optimum than some man-made dimensioning schemes. Further work on important details is required before a commercially acceptable package could be produced.
Date of AwardOct 1984
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorT.H. Richards (Supervisor)


  • geometric modelling
  • decision theory
  • engineering drawing
  • computer-aided design
  • computer graphics

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