Effects of several coloured interventions on reading performance in age-related macular degeneration (ARMD)

  • Frank Eperjesi

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


A literature review revealed that very little work has been conducted to investigate the possible benefits of coloured interventions on reading performance in low vision due to ARMD, under conditions that are similar to the real world reading environment. Further studies on the use of colour, as a rehabilitative intervention in low vision would therefore be useful. A series of objective, subject based, age-similar controlled experiments were used to address the primary aims. Trends in some of the ARMD data suggested better reading performance with blue or green illuminance but there were also some individuals who performed better with yellow, or with illuminance of reduced intensity. Statistically, better reading in general occurred with a specialised yellow photochromic lens and also a clear lens than with a fixed lens or a neutral density filter. No reading advantage was gained from using the coloured screen facility of a video-magnifier. Some subjects with low vision were found to have co-existent binocular vision anomalies, which may have caused reading difficulties similar to those produced by ARMD. Some individuals with ARMD benefited from the use of increased local illuminance produced by either a standard tungsten or compact fluorescent lamp. No reading improvement occurred with a daylight simulation tungsten lamp. The Intuitive Colorimeter® can be used to detect and map out colour vision discrimination deficiency in ARMD and the Humphrey 630 Visual Field Analyser can be used to analyse the biocular visual field in subjects with ARMD. Some experiments highlighted a positive effect of a blue intervention in reading with ARMD.
Date of Award2000
Original languageEnglish


  • coloured interventions
  • reading performance
  • age-related macular degeneration
  • (ARMD)

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