AbstractThis study examined the use of non-standard parameters to investigate the visual field, with particular reference to the detection of glaucomatous visual field loss.
Evaluation of the new perimetric strategy for threshold estimation - FASTPAC, demonstrated a reduction in the examination time of normals compared to the standard strategy. Despite an increased within-test variability the FASTPAC strategy produced a similar mean sensitivity to the standard strategy, reducing the effects of patient fatigue.
The new technique of Blue-Yellow perimetry was compared to White-White perimetry for the detection of glaucomatous field loss in OHT and POAG. Using a database of normal subjects, confidence limits for normality were constructed to account for the increased between-subject variability with increase in age and eccentricity and for the greater variability of the Blue-Yellow field compared to the White-White field. Effects of individual ocular media absorption had little effect on Blue-Yellow field variability. Total and pattern probability analysis revealed five of 27 OHTs to exhibit Blue-Yellow focal abnormalities; two of these patients subsequently developed White-White loss. Twelve of the 24 POAGs revealed wider and/or deeper Blue-Yellow loss compared with the White-White field. Blue-Yellow perimetry showed good sensitivity and specificity characteristics, however, lack of perimetric experience and the presence of cataract influenced the Blue-Yellow visual field and may confound the interpretation of Blue-Yellow visual field loss. Visual field indices demonstrated a moderate relationship to the structural parameters of the optic nerve head using scanning laser tomography. No abnormalities in Blue-Yellow or Red-Green
colour CS was apparent for the OHT patients.
A greater vulnerability of the SWS pathway in glaucoma was demonstrated using Blue-Yellow perimetry however predicting which patients may benefit from B-Y perimetric examination is difficult. Furthermore, cataract and the extent of the field loss may limit the extent to which the integrity of the SWS channels can be selectively examined.
|Date of Award
|J.M. Wild (Supervisor)
- blue-yellow perimetry
- short-wavelength-sensitive pathway
- forward light scatter
- learning effects