Investigations into practical closed-loop arc control systems

  • G.A. Jullien

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


    The work presented in this thesis is the result of an investigation into the closed loop velocity control of a d.c. arc, between parallel electrodes, subject to a transverse magnetic field. The velocity of the arc is in the order of 0.005 m/sec and has particular application to the processes of seam welding ,profile cutting and zone refining.
    Previous workers in this field have, over the past thirty years amassed a great deal of literature on the high velocity behaviour of electric arcs in magnetic fields. This has been used together with original experiments carried out by the author, to produce a mathematical model for
    a low velocity low power arc.
    A control system has been developed using an original arc velocity instrumentation technique the controller uses a hybrid form of both a digital computer and analogue components. By constantly monitoring the gain of the system, the controller is able to adapt itself to long-term changes in electrode surface conditions and to changes in electrode materials.
    Although it is not possible to control rapid variations in arc velocity, the feasibility of closed loop controlling the average velocity
    of electric arcs is demonstrated by output graphs of arc position versus time. These graphs indicate that average velocity can be controlled to
    within 10% of the input command indicating a suitability to the applications
    discussed above.

    Date of Award1969
    Original languageEnglish
    SupervisorWilliam K. Roots (Supervisor)


    • electrical engineering
    • closed-loop arc

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