On the stress analysis of cracked bodies by means of finite elements

  • A.W. Robertson

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


The work described in this thesis deals with the development and application of a finite element program for the analysis of several cracked structures.
In order to simplify the organisation of the material presented herein, the thesis has been subdivided into two Sections :
In the first Section the development of a finite element program for the analysis of two-dimensional problems of plane stress or plane strain is described. The element used in this program is the six-mode isoparametric triangular element which permits the accurate modelling of curved boundary surfaces. Various cases of material aniftropy are included in the derivation of the element stiffness properties. A digital computer program is described and examples of its application are presented.
In the second Section, on fracture problems, several cracked configurations are analysed by embedding into the finite element mesh a sub-region, containing the singularities and over which an analytic solution is used. The modifications necessary to augment a standard finite element program, such as that developed in Section I, are discussed and complete programs for each cracked configuration are presented. Several examples are included to demonstrate the accuracy and flexibility of the technique.

Date of Award1976
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorT.H. Richards (Supervisor)


  • Stress analysis
  • cracked bodies
  • finite elements

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