Possibilities and limitations of coded aperture imaging

  • Ronald L. Silva

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


We have simulated the performance of various apertures used in Coded Aperture Imaging - optically. Coded pictures of extended and continuous-tone planar objects from the Annulus, Twin Annulus, Fresnel Zone Plate and the Uniformly Redundant Array have been decoded using a noncoherent correlation process. We have compared the tomographic capabilities of the Twin Annulus with the Uniformly Redundant Arrays based on quadratic residues and m-sequences. We discuss the ways of reducing the 'd. c.' background of the various apertures used. The non-ideal System-Point-Spread-Function inherent in a noncoherent optical correlation process produces artifacts in the reconstruction. Artifacts are also introduced as a result of unwanted cross-correlation terms from out-of-focus planes. We find that the URN based on m-sequences exhibits good spatial resolution and out-of-focus behaviour when imaging extended objects.
Date of Award1981
Original languageEnglish


  • Possibilities
  • limitations
  • coded aperture imaging
  • twin annulus
  • biomedical imaging
  • y-ray imaging
  • tomography

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