Studies of the drying of particulate slurries

  • Thomas O.K. Audu

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


The literature relating to the drying characteristics of pure liquid drops and particulate slurry drops has been reviewed. The experimental investigation was, therefore, divided into three parts:
Pure water drops,
Aqueous sodium sulphate decahydrate drops, and,
Slurry drops from nine detergent formulations.
The value of the constant,'Ψ, reported by Ranz and Marshall, was found to be temperature dependent. In the temperature range o 26.5≤T≤118.5°C,Ψ , for pure water drops, varied between 0.38 and 0.47. A revised correlation of the mass transfer coefficients is therefore proposed.
 A mathematical model for estimating the variation of crust thickness, for aqueous sodium sulphate drops, with time is proposed:
β = R _ {R3 - ( 1.5G/πCo ) ( ΔHD - ΔHU) Δ} 1/3
Experimental crust thickness evaluated from stereoscan micrographs showed good agreement with theoretical prediction.
It has been shown that drying characteristics of detergent drops can be evaluated from the porosity:thickness ratio, {ε/\β}. Formulations having large {ε/β I-ratios dry better than those with smaller values.
The agreement between the experimental and theoretical mass transfer coefficients shows, in addition to the above correlation, that the overall mass transfer coefficient can be predicted from the expression1/K = 1/K + β/DMε 1.5 The crust is the controlling resistance to transfer in particulate slurry drops. For aqueous sodium sulphate drops, the crust provides 64.2% of the total resistance while for detergents with thicker, but less porous crusts, the value is 97.5%.
Date of AwardAug 1973
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorG.V. Jeffreys (Supervisor) & A.F. Price (Supervisor)


  • drying
  • particulate slurries

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