Studies of the effects of molecular encounters on N.M.R. spin-lattice relaxation times

  • Eneas R.V. Valdivieso Cedeno

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


This thesis is concerned with investigations of the effects of molecular encounters on nuclear magnetic resonance spin-lattice relaxation times, with particular reference to mesitylene in mixtures with cyclohexane and TMS. The purpose of the work was to establish the best theoretical description of T1 and assess whether a recently identified mechanism (buffeting), that influences n.m.r. chemical shifts, governs Tl also.
A set of experimental conditions are presented that allow reliable
measurements of Tl and the N. O. E. for 1H and 13C using both C. W. and F.T. n.m.r. spectroscopy.
Literature data for benzene, cyclohexane and chlorobenzene diluted by CC14 and CS2 are used to show that the Hill theory affords the best estimation of their correlation times but appears to be mass dependent. Evaluation of the T1 of the mesitylene protons indicates that a combined Hill-Bloembergen-Purcell-Pound model gives an accurate estimation of T1; subsequently this was shown to be due to cancellation of errors in the calculated intra and intemolecular
Three experimental methods for the separation of the intra and intermolecular relaxation times are described.
The relaxation times of the 13C proton satellite of neat bezene, 1,4 dioxane and mesitylene were measured. Theoretical analyses of the data allow the calculation of Tl intra.
Studies of intermolecular NOE's were found to afford a general method of separating observed T1's into their intra and intermolecular components.
The aryl 1H and corresponding 13C T1 values and the NOE for the ring carbon of mesitylene in CC14 and C6H12-TMS have been used in combination to determine T1intra and T1inter. The Hill and B.P.P. models are shown to predict similarly inaccurate values for T1linter. A buffeting contribution to T1inter is proposed which when applied to the BPP model and to the Gutowsky-Woessner expression for T1inter gives an inaccuracy of 12% and 6% respectively with respect to theexperimentally based T1inter.

Date of AwardSept 1982
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorJohn Homer (Supervisor)


  • nuclear magnetic resonance
  • spin lattice relaxation
  • nuclear Overhauser effects
  • steric contributions to relaxation times

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