Surface compositional changes in GaAs due to RF plasmas of different gases have been investigated by XPS and etch rates were measured using AFM. Angular Resolved XPS (ARXPS) was also employed for depth analysis of the composition of the surface layers.
An important role in this study was determination of oxide thickness using XPS data. The study of surface - plasma interaction was undertaken by correlating results of surface analysis with plasma diagnosis.
Different experiments were designed to accurately measure the BEs associated with the Ga 3d, Ga 2P3/2 and LMM peaks using XPS analysis and propose identification in terms of the oxides of GaAs. Along with GaAs wafers, some reference compounds such as metallic Ga and Ga2O3 powder were used.
A separate study aiming the identification of the GaAs surface oxides formed on the GaAs surface during and after plasma processing was undertaken.
Surface compositional changes after plasma treatment, prior to surface analysis are considered, with particular reference to the oxides formed in the air on the activated surface. Samples exposed to ambient air for different periods of time and also to pure oxygen were analysed.
Models of surface processes were proposed for explanation of the stoichiometry changes observed with the inert and reactive plasmas used.
In order to help with the understanding of the mechanisms responsible for surface effects during plasma treatment, computer simulation using SRIM code was also undertaken.
Based on simulation and experimental results, models of surface phenomena are proposed. Discussion of the experimental and simulated results is made in accordance with current theories and published results of different authors.
The experimental errors introduced by impurities and also by data acquisition and processing are also evaluated.
|Date of Award||Sept 2002|
|Supervisor||John L Sullivan (Supervisor)|
- inert plasma etching
- oxygen plasma etching
- hydrogen plasma etching