The assessment of protein quality of carp (Cyprinus carpio) diets

  • Abd E.M.S. Eid

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

    Abstract

    Protein quality of carp diets was assessed by five methods: 1. True digestibility, true NPU, BV (as percentage) and PER were determined for approximately iso-energetic diets containing ca.38% protein from 4 different sources. Fish meal gave values of 94.0, 72.5, 77.0, and 1.21 respectively; egg 93.0, 65.4, 70.3, 1.26; Pruteen 68.4, 63.6, 68.40, 1.36; and Casein 91.0, 56.90, 62.5, 1.33. 2. Blood urea were determined and found to be significantly increased with increasing protein concentration in the diet. 3. Ammonia excretion rate was determined; it increased with a decline in protein quality, being greater on groundnut, rapeseed meal, and sunflower diets than on fishmeal, cottonseed meal, and pruteen. 4. Protein sources were incubated in vitro with digestive fluids of fish. Protein digestibilities for fishmeal diets containing 14 and 27% protein were 90.2 and 93.0% respectively; casein (18 and 36%), 91.5 and 93.2%; soybean (10 and 20%), 84.2 and 85.3% ; sunflower (8 and 16%), 64.2 and 66.1%; and fish meal plus soybean meal (ca. 18.2%) 86.5. 5. Plasma free amino acids were individually determined at 0, 6, 24 and 48 h after force-feeding diets containing 15 and 30% protein from six different sources. Total free AA were highest at 24 h for casein and fishmeal, and at 48 h for egg, soybean, rapeseed and sunflower. The 24 h essential amino acid indices (EAAI) for the six diets at 15% protein were, in the same order, 93.0, 100, 100, 86.4, 62.4, and 97.2. At 30% protein, the 24 h EAAI were 78.5, 84.3, 100, and 83.8 for casein, fishmeal, egg, and rapeseed respectively.
    Date of Award1987
    Original languageEnglish

    Keywords

    • protein quality
    • carp diets
    • Cyprinus carpio
    • carp

    Cite this

    The assessment of protein quality of carp (Cyprinus carpio) diets
    Eid, A. E. M. S. (Author). 1987

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy