AbstractThe action of bradykinin on transepithelial transfer of sodium and water in isolated rat jejunum and on smooth muscle contraction of rat terminal ileum has been investigated.
(1) Bradykinin was shown to stimulate transfer at low control transfer, inhibit transfer at high control transfer and have no effect at intermediate transfer in rat jejunal sacs. Stimulation of transfer occurred only when bradykinin was in the serosal solutiun while inhibition of transfer occurred whether bradykinin was in the aerosal or mucosal solution.
Bradykinin-induced stimulation of transfer was not affected by adrenalectomy, nephrectomy, combined adrenalectomy-nephrectomy, nor maintenance on 1% saline drinking solution or low sodium diet pretreatment.
Meclofenamic acid abolished the bradykinin-induced inhibition of water transfer while prostaglandins A1, E1 aud F2α all potentiated this action.
Theophylline inhibited water transfer and potentiated the bradykinin-induced inhibition of water transfer. Cyclic AMP and dibutyryl cyclic AMP both inhibited water transfer and the bradykinin-induced inhibition of water transfer was potentiated by the latter.
( 2 ) Bradykinin-induced contractions of rat terminal ileum were little affected by hyoscine while those of acetylcholine were abolished.
Anoxia reduced markedly responses tv bradykinin while those of acetylcholine were little affected .
Theophylline reduced the responses of rat terminal ileum to bradykinin significantly more than those to acetylcholine.
Aspirin and indomethacin reduced markedly the responses to bradykinin while not affecting those to acetylcholine and PGT2. Meslofenamic acid at a concentration of 3.4 µM blocked bradykinin-induced contractions but had no effect on those to acctylcholine, PGE2 or PGF2 and at a concentration of 17. 0 µM drastically reduced bradykinin responses but also reduced those to acetylcholine, PGE2 and PGF2α• Flufenamic acid drastically reduced responses to bradykinin while not affecting those to acetylcholine and PGE2 and slightly affecting those to PGF2α.
Polyphloretin phosphate reduced responses to bradykinin, PGF2α and PGE2 but not acetylcholine . Diphloretin phosphate reduced responses to bradykinin, PGF2 and PGE2 in a dose dependent manner but not those to acetylcholine. SC 19220 , in a dose dependent manner, inhibited responses to bradykinin and PGE2 but not to acetylcholine and PGF2. 7 oxa - 13 -prostynoic acid non specifically reduced responses to acetylcholine, bradykinin and PGE2.
Bradykinin, in the presence of SQ 20881 , increased the release of prostaglandin-like activity from rat terminal ileum and this was reduced or abolished in the presence of indomethacin, aspirin, meclofenamic acid or flufenamio acid.
The extract of PG-like activity did not appear as PGE, PGA or PGFon TLC, but included a substance with similar mobility as 15-Keto-prosta-glandin E2.
|Date of Award||May 1976|
|Supervisor||Ann Crocker (Supervisor)|