The strength of column-to-foundation joints in reinforced concrete

  • Mahmut Turan

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


This thesis is concerned with the experimental and theoretical investigation
into the compression bond of column longitudinal reinforcement in the transference of axial load from a reinforced concrete column to a base.
Experimental work includes twelve tests with square twisted bars and
twenty four tests with ribbed bars. The effects of bar size, anchorage length in the base, plan area of the base, provision of bae tensile reinforcement, links around the column bars in the base, plan area of column and concrete compressive strength were investigated in the tests. The tests indicated that the strength of the compression anchorage of deformed reinforcing steel in the concrete was primarily dependent on the concrete strength and the resistance to bursting, which may be available within the anchorage . It was shown in the
tests without concreted columns that due to a large containment over the bars in the foundation, failure occurred due to the breakdown of bond followed by the slip of the column bars along the anchorage length.
The experimental work showed that the bar size , the stress in the bar, the anchorage length, provision of the transverse steel and the concrete compressive strength significantly affect the bond stress at failure. The ultimate bond stress decreases as the anchorage length is increased, while the ultimate bond stress increases with increasing each of the remainder parameters. Tests with concreted columns also indicated that a section of the column contributed to the bond length in the foundation by acting as an extra anchorage length.
The theoretical work is based on the Mindlin equation( 3), an analytical
method used in conjunction with finite difference calculus. The theory is used to plot the distribution of bond stress in the elastic and the elastic-plastic stage of behaviour. The theory is also used to plot the load-vertical displacement relationship of the column bars in the anchorage length, and also to determine the theoretical failure load of foundation. The theoretical solutions are in good
agreement with the experimental results and the distribution of bond stress is shown to be significantly influenced by the bar stiffness factor K.
A comparison of the experimental results with the current codes shows that the bond stresses currently used are low and in particular,
CPIlO(56) specifies very conservative design bond stresses .
Date of AwardMar 1983
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorL.H. Martin (Supervisor)


  • foundation
  • concrete
  • deformed bar
  • slip
  • bond stress

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