The study and characterisation of water-based latices used for can coating interiors

  • Paul Wright

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


Water-based latices, used in the production of internal liners for beer/beverage cans, were investigated using a number of analytical techniques. The epoxy-graft-acrylic polymers, used to prepare the latices, and films, produced from those latices, were also examined.
It was confirmed that acrylic polymer preferentially grafts onto higher molecular weight portions of the epoxy polymer. The amount of epoxy remaining ungrafted was determined to be 80%. This figure is higher than was previously thought. Molecular weight distribution studies were carried out on the epoxy and epoxy-g-acrylic resins. A quantitative method for determining copolymer composition using GPC was evaluated. The GPC method was also used to determine polymer composition as a function of molecular weight. IR spectroscopy was used to determine the total level of acrylic modification of the polymers and NMR was used to determine the level of grafting.
Particle size determinations were carried out using transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. Levels of stabilising amine greatly affected the viscosity of the latex, particle size and amount of soluble polymer but the core particle size, as determined using TEM, was unaffected. NMR spectra of the latices produced spectra only from solvents and amine modifiers. Using solid-state CP/MAS/freezing techniques spectra from the epoxy component could be observed. FT-IR spectra of the latices were obtained after special subtraction of water. The only difference between the spectra of the latices and those of the dry film were due to the presence of the solvents in the former.
A distinctive morphology in the films produced from the latices was observed. This suggested that the micelle structure of the latex survives the film forming process. If insufficient acrylic is present, large epoxy domains are produced which gives rise to poor film characteristics. Casting the polymers from organic solutions failed to produce similar morphology.
Date of AwardMar 1995
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorMartin S Beevers (Supervisor)


  • epoxy-graft-acrylic polymers
  • latices
  • can coatings
  • nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • gel permeation chromatography
  • dynamic light scattering

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