The synthesis and properties of some hydrazines

  • R.J. Gardner

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


A new synthetic method, applicable to the preparation of a wide range of hydrazine derivatives, is described. This involves the diborane reduction of a hydrazone, or, more conveniently, the reductive-condensation of a hydrazine and the appropriate aldehyde (or ketone). The method gives high yields and provides a particularly simple route to the relatively inaccessible 1,2-disubstituted hydrazines bearing a different group on each nitrogen. The new method has also been applied to the preparation of 1,2-disubstituted hydrazines with the same group on both nitrogens (via the azine), the very rare 1 ,2-disubstituted hydrazines bearing a tert-butyl group, trisubstituted hydrazines and monosubstituted hydrazines. Application of the reaction to the preparation of diaziridines has also been investigated. A mechanism for the reduction, supported by the isolation of a boron-containing intermediate, is suggested. Some limitations of the procedure are discussed. A general i.r. method of distinguishing the isomeric disubstituted hydrazines, as stable salts, has been developed. This has the advantages of speed and simplicity over previous methods. The mass spectra of a series of monosubstituted hydrazines, a series of 1,2-disubstituted hydrazines and some 1-benzoyl 2-alkylhydrazines have been examined in detail. The spectra are generally dominated byα -cleavage processes and the compounds show a variety of interesting rearrangement reactions. The mass spectra of some 1, 1-disubstituted hydrazines and some trisubstituted hydrazines have also been examined. Rearrangement processes occurring in the mass spectrum of tropylium fluoroborate have been examined. Similar rearrangements have been found in the spectrum of trityl fluoroborate and may be of general occurrence in the mass spectra of aromatic fluoroborates.
Chemical shift values for some groups on hydrazine nitrogen are recorded and the results of tumour inhibitory tests on some hydrazines are also given.
Date of Award1971
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorJohn A. Blair (Supervisor)


  • synthesis
  • hydrazine
  • properties

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