Anchoring effects in the development of false childhood memories

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When people receive descriptions or doctored photos of events that never happened, they often come to remember those events. But if people receive both a description and a doctored photo, does the order in which they receive the information matter? We asked people to consider a description and a doctored photograph of a childhood hot air balloon ride, and we varied which medium they saw first. People who saw a description first reported more false images and memories than did people who saw a photo first, a result that fits with an anchoring account of false childhood memories.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-72
Number of pages7
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010


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