Constructing communism in the Romanian People's Republic. Orthodoxy and state, 1948 - 49

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Abstract

This article analyses the ambiguous and contradictory relationship between the Orthodox Church and the communist regime during the first two years of the Romanian People's Republic. The installation of communism and the process of Stalinisation led to an unprecedented control of the church. The church was actively employed in propaganda and the regime imposed its own people in the hierarchy. On the one hand, Romanian communists followed the Soviet model regarding the place of the church in the communist state while, on the other hand, the church hierarchy adapted to the new political system by creating a theory of 'social apostolate'. Lacking popular support, the communists used the church as an instrument through which they could acquire the political support of the masses. The church thus enjoyed a favoured position in society mainly because the communists employed it in their ideological expansionism and confrontation with the West.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-329
Number of pages27
JournalEurope-Asia Studies
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007

    Keywords

  • Orthodox Church, communist regime, Romanian People's Republic, communism, Stalinisation, Church, propaganda, regime, Romanian communists, Soviet model, church hierarchy, social apostolate, political support, masses

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