Hand somatosensory sub-cortical sources arehypoactive in migraine interictally: a functionalsource separation analysis

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Abstract

Background: Recent morpho-functional evidences pointed out that abnormalities in the thalamus could play a major role in the expression of migraine neurophysiological and clinical correlates. Whether this phenomenon is primary or secondary to its functional disconnection from the brain stem remains to be determined.Aim: We used a Functional Source Separation algorithmof EEG signal to extract the activity of the different neuronal pools recruited at different latencies along the somatosensory pathway in interictal migraine without aura(MO) patients.
Method: Twenty MO patients and 20 healthy volunteers(HV) underwent EEG recording. Four ad-hoc functional constraints, two sub-cortical (FS14 at brain stem andFS16 at thalamic level) and two cortical (FS20 radial andFS22 tangential parietal sources), were used to extract the activity of successive stages of somatosensory information processing in response to the separate left and right median nerve electric stimulation. A band-pass digital filter (450–750 Hz) was applied offline in order to extract high-frequency oscillatory (HFO) activity from the broadband EEG signal.
Results: In both stimulated sides, significant reduced subcortical brain stem (FS14) and thalamic (FS16) HFO activations characterized MO patients when compared with HV. No difference emerged in the two cortical HFO activations between two groups.
Conclusion: Present results are the first neurophysiological evidence supporting the hypothesis that a functional disconnection of the thalamus from the subcortical monoaminergicsystem may underline the interictal cortical abnormal information processing in migraine. Further studiesare needed to investigate the precise directional connectivity across the entire primary subcortical and cortical somatosensory pathway in interictal MO.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numberP0418
Pages (from-to)218-219
Number of pages2
JournalCephalalgia
Volume35
Issue number6 Suppl.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2015
Event17th Congress of the International Headache Society - Valencia, Spain
Duration: 14 May 201517 May 2015

Bibliographic note

International Headache Society 2015 abstracts: 17th Congress of the International Headache Society, 14/05/15 → 17/05/15, Valencia, Spain.

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