Identifying key residues important for CGRP binding to its receptor

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Abstract

The calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) is a 37 amino acid neuropeptide. Its receptor is a heterodimeric complex of calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR) – a family B G-protein coupled receptor – and a single-pass transmembrane protein, receptoractivity modifying protein 1 (RAMP1). Here, we identify residues, within the N-terminal extracellular domain (ECD) of CLR, potentially involved in ligand binding.Certain residues presumed to be possible sites of contact for the CGRP were picked from the CLR/RAMP1 ECD crystal structure (PDB 3N7S). Residues were mutated to alanine (A) bysite-directed mutagenesis (QuikChangeTM, Stratagene). Mutants were analysed for their ability to stimulate cAMP and cell surface expression as previously described [1]. All mutants showed reduced potency, though to varying degrees as indicated by their pEC50 values. W69A and D70Ashowed significant reduction in cell surface expression.These findings suggest that these residues are important for the interaction of CGRP with its receptor. W69A and D70A, part of the WDG motif of family B GPCRs, are thought to rather play a role in receptor stability [2]. The data is consistent with CGRP binding in agroove between CLR and RAMP1. This project was supported byAston School of Life and Health Sciences.References1. Barwell J, Conner A & Poyner D (2011) Extracellular loops 1and 3 and their associated transmembrane regions of the calcitonin receptor-like receptor are needed for CGRP receptor function. Biochim Biophys Acta 1813, 1906–1916.2. Kumar S, Pioszak A, Zhang C et al. (2011) Crystal Structure of the PAC1R Extracellular Domain Unifies a Consensus Fold for Hormone Recognition by Class B G-Protein Cou-pled Receptors. PLoS One 6, e19682

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Original languageEnglish
Article numberSW04.S18-20
Pages (from-to)405
Number of pages1
JournalFEBS journal
Volume280
Issue numberS1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013
Event38th FEBS congress - Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Duration: 6 Jul 201311 Jul 2013

Bibliographic note

Special Issue: 38th FEBS Congress, Saint Petersburg, Russia, July 6–11, 2013

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