Interactions among secretory immunoglobulin A, CD71, and transglutaminase-2 affect permeability of intestinal epithelial cells to gliadin peptides

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Authors

  • Corinne Lebreton
  • Sandrine Ménard
  • Juliette Abed
  • Ivan C. Moura
  • Rosanna Coppo
  • Christophe Dugave
  • Renato C. Monteiro
  • Aurélie Fricot
  • Meriem G. Traore
  • Martin Griffin
  • Christophe Cellier
  • Georgia Malamut
  • Nadine Cerf-Bensussan
  • Martine Heyman

Research units

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The transferrin receptor (CD71) is up-regulated in duodenal biopsy samples from patients with active celiac disease and promotes retrotransport of secretory immunolglobulin A (SIgA)-gliadin complexes. We studied intestinal epithelial cell lines that overexpress CD71 to determine how interactions between SIgA and CD71 promote transepithelial transport of gliadin peptides. METHODS: We analyzed duodenal biopsy specimens from 8 adults and 1 child with active celiac disease. Caco-2 and HT29-19A epithelial cell lines were transfected with fluorescence-labeled small interfering RNAs against CD71. Interactions among IgA, CD71, and transglutaminase 2 (Tgase2) were analyzed by flow cytometry, immunoprecipitation, and confocal microscopy. Transcytosis of SIgACD71 complexes and intestinal permeability to the gliadin 3H-p3149 peptide were analyzed in polarized monolayers of Caco-2 cells. RESULTS: Using fluorescence resonance energy transfer and in situ proximity ligation assays, we observed physical interactions between SIgA and CD71 or CD71 and Tgase2 at the apical surface of enterocytes in biopsy samples and monolayers of Caco-2 cells. CD71 and Tgase2 were co-precipitated with SIgA, bound to the surface of Caco-2 cells. SIgACD71 complexes were internalized and localized in early endosomes and recycling compartments but not in lysosomes. In the presence of celiac IgA or SIgA against p3149, transport of intact 3H-p3149 increased significantly across Caco-2 monolayers; this transport was inhibited by soluble CD71 or Tgase2 inhibitors. CONCLUSIONS: Upon binding to apical CD71, SIgA (with or without gliadin peptides) enters a recycling pathway and avoids lysosomal degradation; this process allows apicalbasal transcytosis of bound peptides. This mechanism is facilitated by Tgase2 and might be involved in the pathogenesis of celiac disease.

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)698–707
Number of pages10
JournalGastroenterology
Volume143
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2012

    Keywords

  • intestinal transport, epithelial transcytosis, IgA, transferrin receptor

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