Metabolic and morphological alterations induced by proteolysis-inducing factor from Walker tumour-bearing rats in C2C12 myotubes

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Authors

  • Claudia L. Yano
  • Gislaine Ventrucci
  • William N. Field
  • Michael J. Tisdale
  • Maria Cristina C. Gomes-Marcondes

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced cancer suffer from cachexia, which is characterised by a marked weight loss, and is invariably associated with the presence of tumoral and humoral factors which are mainly responsible for the depletion of fat stores and muscular tissue. METHODS: In this work, we used cytotoxicity and enzymatic assays and morphological analysis to examine the effects of a proteolysis-inducing factor (PIF)-like molecule purified from ascitic fluid of Walker tumour-bearing rats (WF), which has been suggested to be responsible for muscle atrophy, on cultured C2C12 muscle cells. RESULTS: WF decreased the viability of C2C12 myotubes, especially at concentrations of 20-25 mug.mL-1. There was an increase in the content of the pro-oxidant malondialdehyde, and a decrease in antioxidant enzyme activity. Myotubes protein synthesis decreased and protein degradation increased together with an enhanced in the chymotrypsin-like enzyme activity, a measure of functional proteasome activity, after treatment with WF. Morphological alterations such as cell retraction and the presence of numerous cells in suspension were observed, particularly at high WF concentrations. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that WF has similar effects to those of proteolysis-inducing factor, but is less potent than the latter. Further studies are required to determine the precise role of WF in this experimental model. © 2008 Yano et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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  • Metabolic and morphological alterations

    Rights statement: © 2008 Yano et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume8
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2008

Bibliographic note

© 2008 Yano et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

    Keywords

  • advanced cancer, cachexia, weight loss, tumoral factors, humoral factors, fat stores, muscular tissue, cytotoxicity assays, enzymatic assays, morphological analysis, proteolysis-inducing factor (PIF)-like molecule, ascitic fluid of, Walker tumour-bearing rats, muscle atrophy, cultured C2C12 muscle cells, C2C12 myotubes, pro-oxidant malondialdehyde, chymotrypsin-like enzyme activity

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