Metabolic memory effect of the saturated fatty acid, palmitate, in monocytes

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Hyperglycaemia has a deferred detrimental effect on glucose metabolism, termed "metabolic memory". Elevated saturated fatty acids promote insulin resistance, hyperglycaemia and associated atherosclerotic complications, but their effect on "metabolic memory" is unknown. Therefore we investigated whether basal and insulin-stimulated (10(-6)M for 12h) glucose (2-deoxy-D-[(3)H]-glucose) uptake was affected by palmitate pre-treatment human THP-1 monocytes. Palmitate-induced a time-dependent and concentration-dependent inhibition of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, showing almost complete abolition of the insulin-stimulatory effect with 300 microM palmitate. Basal glucose uptake was unaffected by palmitate. When palmitate was washed out, the inhibitory effect on insulin-stimulated glucose uptake persisted for at least 60 h.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-282
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
Early online date5 Aug 2009
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2009


  • Biological transport, cell line, deoxyglucose, glucose, humans, hyperglycemia, insulin, monocytes, palmitic acid

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