Modelling Apoptotic cell clearance within the atherosclerotic plaque

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Abstract

The aged population have an increased susceptibility to infection, therefore function of the innate immune system may be impaired as we age. Macrophages, and their precursors monocytes, play an important role in host defence in the form of phagocytosis, and also link the innate and adaptive immune system via antigen presentation. Classically-activated 'M1' macrophages are pro-inflammatory, which can be induced by encountering pathogenic material or pro-inflammatory mediators. Alternatively activated 'M2' macrophages have a largely reparative role, including clearance of apoptotic bodies and debris from tissues. Despite some innate immune receptors being implicated in the clearance of apoptotic cells, the process has been observed to have a dominant anti-inflammatory phenotype with cytokines such as IL-10 and TGF-ß being implicated.
The atherosclerotic plaque contains recruited monocytes and macrophages, and is a highly inflammatory environment despite high levels of apoptosis. At these sites, monocytes differentiate into macrophages and gorge on lipoproteins, resulting in formation of 'foam cells' which then undergo apoptosis, recruiting further monocytes. This project seeks to understand why, given high levels of apoptosis, the plaque is a pro-inflammatory environment. This phenomenon may be the result of the aged environment or an inability of foam cells to elicit an anti-inflammatory effect in response to dying cells.
Here we demonstrate that lipoprotein treatment of macrophages in culture results in reduced capacity to clear apoptotic cells. The effect of lipoprotein treatment on apoptotic cell-mediated immune modulation of macrophage function is currently under study.

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Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2010
Event2010 British Society for Immunology Annual Congress - Liverpool, United Kingdom
Duration: 6 Dec 201010 Dec 2010
http://www.immunology.org/page.aspx?pid=1519

Conference

Conference2010 British Society for Immunology Annual Congress
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLiverpool
Period6/12/1010/12/10
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Bibliographic note

Abstract published: Immunology (2010), Abstracts selected for poster presentations. Immunology, 131(s1): 168. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2567.2010.03390.x

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