Repeatability of ocular aberration measurements in patients with keratoconus

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Purpose: To explore the repeatability of lower-order and higher-order ocular aberrations measured in patients with keratoconus. Methods: The IRX-3 (Imagine Eyes, Paris, France) aberrometer was used to record lower-order and higher-order aberrations in 31 eyes of 31 patients with keratoconus. Four monocular measurements were taken consecutively for each patient. The aberrometry data were analysed up to the 5th Zernike order for a 4-mm pupil diameter. The data were evaluated using repeated-measures anova and Friedman analyses. Repeatability was analysed using within-subject standard deviation (SW) and the repeatability limit (r) calculated as 1.96 ×√2×Sw. Results: Of the 11 aberration terms evaluated, the repeatability of Z (2,0) (mean= 1.36μm; SW=0.09μm; r=0.26μm); Z (2,±2) RMS (mean=1.05μm; SW= 0.09μm; r=0.24μm) and Z (4,0) aberrations (mean=0.34μm; SW=0.09 μm; r=0.24μm) showed the highest variability. In contrast, Z (3,±1) RMS aberrations (mean=0.85μm; SW=0.06μm; r=0.16μm) and Z (4,±2) RMS aberrations (mean=0.40μm; SW=0.07μm; r=0.18μm) showed comparatively better repeatability. Conclusions: The lower-order and higher-order aberrations measured in this group of keratoconic patients showed higher levels of variability compared to previous investigations of visually-normal subjects. These results may be of interest to eyecare practitioners involved in the design and fitting of aberration-controlling contact lenses for patients with keratoconus.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-594
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmic and Physiological Optics
Issue number6
Early online date21 Sep 2011
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011


  • aberrations, coma RMS, higher-order, keratoconus, lower-order, repeatability

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