Speaking out of turn? Taking the initiative in teacher-fronted classroom interaction.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

View graph of relations Save citation

Open

Authors

Research units

Abstract

Teacher-fronted interaction is generally seen to place limitations on the contributions that learners can make to classroom discourse and the conclusion is that learners are unable to experiment with, for example, turn-taking mechanisms. This article looks at teacher-fronted interaction in the language classroom from the perspective of learner talk by examining how learners might take the initiative during this apparently more rigid form of interaction. Detailed microanalysis of classroom episodes, using a conversation analysis institutional discourse approach, shows how learners orient to the institutional context to make sophisticated and effective use of turn-taking mechanisms to take the initiative and direct the interaction, even in the controlled environment of teacher-fronted talk. The article describes some of the functions of such learner initiative, examines how learners and teachers co-construct interaction and how learners can create learning opportunities for themselves. It also briefly looks at teacher reactions to such initiative. The article concludes that learner initiative in teacher-fronted interaction may constitute a significant opportunity for learning and that teachers should find ways of encouraging such interaction patterns.

Documents

  • Speaking out of turn

    Rights statement: This is an electronic version of an article published in Garton, S 2012, 'Speaking out of turn? Taking the initiative in teacher-fronted classroom interaction.', Classroom discourse, vol 3, no. 1, pp. 29-45. Classroom discourse is available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1946-3014&volume=3&issue=1&spage=29

    Accepted author manuscript, 125 KB, PDF-document

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-45
Number of pages7
JournalClassroom Discourse
Volume3
Issue number1
Early online date5 Apr 2012
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

    Keywords

  • learner initiative, teacher fronted interaction, institutional discourse, conversation analysis

Download statistics

No data available

Employable Graduates; Exploitable Research

Copy the text from this field...