Supporting interoperable interpolation: the INTAMAP approach

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Abstract

In many Environmental Information Systems the actual observations arise from a discrete monitoring network which might be rather heterogeneous in both location and types of measurements made. In this paper we describe the architecture and infrastructure for a system, developed as part of the EU FP6 funded INTAMAP project, to provide a service oriented solution that allows the construction of an interoperable, automatic, interpolation system. This system will be based on the Open Geospatial Consortium’s Web Feature Service (WFS) standard. The essence of our approach is to extend the GML3.1 observation feature to include information about the sensor using SensorML, and to further extend this to incorporate observation error characteristics. Our extended WFS will accept observations, and will store them in a database. The observations will be passed to our R-based interpolation server, which will use a range of methods, including a novel sparse, sequential kriging method (only briefly described here) to produce an internal representation of the interpolated field resulting from the observations currently uploaded to the system. The extended WFS will then accept queries, such as ‘What is the probability distribution of the desired variable at a given point’, ‘What is the mean value over a given region’, or ‘What is the probability of exceeding a certain threshold at a given location’. To support information-rich transfer of complex and uncertain predictions we are developing schema to represent probabilistic results in a GML3.1 (object-property) style. The system will also offer more easily accessible Web Map Service and Web Coverage Service interfaces to allow users to access the system at the level of complexity they require for their specific application. Such a system will offer a very valuable contribution to the next generation of Environmental Information Systems in the context of real time mapping for monitoring and security, particularly for systems that employ a service oriented architecture.

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Original languageEnglish
StateUnpublished - 27 Jun 2007
EventInternational Symposium on Environmental Software Systems - Prague (CZ)

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium on Environmental Software Systems
CityPrague (CZ)
Period22/05/0725/05/07

    Keywords

  • environmental information systems, discrete monitoring network, interpolation system, Open Geospatial Consortium’s Web Feature Service, WFS, GML3.1 observation feature, SensorML, R-based interpolation server, sequential kriging method, Web Map Service, Web Coverage Service, real time mapping

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