The legal status of Turks in Germany

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Turks in Germany constitute the single largest non-national group living in the member states of the European Union. This essay examines the legal dimensions of their entry, residence and integration in Germany during the 1990s up to 2002. The evidence shows that, despite long-term settlement patterns, Turks in Germany have not achieved a high level of formal inclusion. However, recent policy reforms have already gone some way to improving their situation, and the impact of planned reforms should equally ensure that this process continues in the future.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-246
Number of pages19
JournalImmigrants and Minorities
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2003


  • Turks, Germany, European Union, inclusion, immigration

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