Heat transfer from molten materials to liquids

  • Gareph Boxley

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


An apparatus was designed and constructed which enabled material to be melted and heated to a maximum temperature of 1000C and then flooded with a pre-heated liquid.
A series of experiments to investigate the thermal
interaction between molten metals (aluminium, lead and tin) and sub-cooled water were conducted. The cooling rates of the molten materials under conditions of flooding were measured with a high speed-thermocouple and recorded with a transient recorder.
A simplified model for calculating heat fluxes and metal surface temperatures was developed and used.
Experimental results yielded boiling heat transfer in the transition film and stable film regions of the classic boiling curve. Maximum and minimum heat fluxes were observed at nucleate boiling crisis and the Leidenfrost point respectively.
Results indicate that heat transfer from molten metals to sub-cooled water is a function of temperature and coolant depth and not a direct function of the physical properties of the metals.
Heat transfer in the unstable transition film boiling
region suggests that boiling dynamics in this region where a stationary molten metal is under pool boiling conditions at atmospheric pressure would not initiate a fuel-coolant interaction. Low heat fluxes around the Leidenfrost point would provide efficient fuel-coolant decoupling by a stable vapour blanket to enable coarse mixing of the fuel and
coolant to occur without appreciable loss of thermal energy from the fuel.
The research was conducted by Gareph Boxley and was submitted for the degree of PhD at the University of Aston in Birmingham in 1980.
Date of AwardSept 1980
Original languageEnglish


  • Heat transfer
  • molten materials
  • water

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