Susceptibility to pattern glare and the effect of spectral filters on rate of reading and visual search in stroke patients

  • Ian Beasley

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisOphthalmic Doctorate


The present thesis investigates pattern glare susceptibility following stroke and the immediate and prolonged impact of prescribing optimal spectral filters on reading speed, accuracy and visual search performance.
Principal observations:
A case report has shown that visual stress can occur following stroke. The use of spectral filters and precision tinted lenses proved to be a successful intervention in this case, although the parameters required modification following a further stroke episode.
Stroke subjects demonstrate elevated levels of pattern glare compared to normative data values and a control group.
Initial use of an optimal spectral filter in a stroke cohort increased reading speed by ~6% and almost halved error scores, findings not replicated in a control group. With the removal of
migraine subjects reading speed increased by ~8% with an optimal filter and error scores almost halved.
Prolonged use of an optimal spectral filter for stroke subjects, increased reading speed by >9% and error scores more than halved. When the same subjects switched to prolonged use
of a grey filter, reading speed reduced by ~4% and error scores increased marginally. When a second group of stroke subjects used a grey filter first, reading speed decreased by ~3%
but increased by ~3% with prolonged use of an optimal filter, with error scores almost halving; these findings persisted with migraine subjects excluded.
Initial use of an optimal spectral filter improved visual search response time but not error scores in a stroke cohort with migraine subjects excluded. Neither prolonged use of an
optimal nor grey filter improved response time or reduced error scores in a stroke group;
these findings persisted with the exclusion of migraine subjects.
Date of Award4 Feb 2013
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorLeon Davies (Supervisor)


  • pattern glare
  • spectral filters
  • reading
  • visual search
  • stroke patients

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